La Banca Mondiale ha appena pubblicato un lungo rapporto
(113 pagine) sull’impatto di checkpoint, barriere e muri costruiti da Israele non solo sui palestinesi, ma in particolare sulle donne palestinesi. Checkpoints and Barriers: Searching for Livelihoods in the West Bank and Gaza Gender Dimensions of Economic Collapse
esamina quello che è successo tra Cisgiordania e Gaza nel periodo 2000-2007.
Women’s stepped-up involvement in work in the public sphere has come at a high cost: They must carefully navigate the need to behave in a manner that is culturally appropriate with the need for increased mobility; they must tread carefully by not overstating their new role as provider for the sake of preserving family harmony; and they must add to their already burdened productive and reproductive household roles. Social ties and networks have been elements of support, but they too are suffering the weight of restrictions and economic collapse.
The impact of economic hardship and the disruption of the traditional family unit have been compounded by the stresses of a conflict environment — intrusion of violence into the domestic space, the need to support detained male members of the family and the collapse of public order. In addition, there are indications of a correlation between loss of male employment and increased domestic violence.
Recent relaxation of movement restrictions in the West Bank has not been sufficient to reverse these trends and the situation Gaza continues to deteriorate. The authors stress that lifting of the closure regime is the most effective way to ease the hardship faced by Palestinian women. They recommend, however, that in order to mitigate long-term deterioration of the social fabric, the Palestinian Authority take immediate action in four areas: (1) Enable employment for women that is perceived as “dignified”, especially through improvement of public transport regulation and enforcement of labor law; (2) Support and expand opportunities for youth employment; (3) Facilitate social cohesion, especially in Area C and others isolated by movement and access restrictions; (4) Collect better data on gender-disaggregated economic participation.